Apartheid is the name of the former social system of segregation, political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa between 1948 to 1994. It was based on race segregation between whites and blacks and colored; people of mixed ethnic origin. The blacks and colored did not have the same political and economic rights as white people and were forced to live separately from white people those rules gave more privileges to the minority of whites.
The apartheid laws imposed complete segregation between the whites and the rest by creating different rules and restrictions. Some of the apartheid rules allowed only whites to be elected and to vote in the elections while it was forbidden for black people to attend any political or professional gatherings. The law forbid mixed marriage or sexual intercourse between whites and blacks. The government had the power to outlaw any organization from the opposition by classifying them as communists. All senior positions were reserved for white people only.
Segregation was also applied to living areas; the law actually banned non whites to live in cities.
The education color people were entitled to was of the lowest quality whereas the education whites were in title to was first class.
Between South Africa Apartheid and Israeli Apartheid
None of the laws of South African apartheid were ever implemented in Israel. Arab citizens in Israel have the same right to vote and to be elected to the Knesset, the Israeli parliament. During the 2015 election, the turnout in Arab areas was 64% and a total of 12 mandates were given to Arab political parties.
In terms of education, the allocation for Arab and Jewish school is the same; both Arab and Israeli schools are entitled to equal funding as long as they teach the core studies that are required for all school children by the Ministry of Education. It is important to create a curriculum for teaching according to specific programs, but in reality Arabic schools are also obligated to teach Israeli history according to the Israeli narrative. This is a problem. The Ministry of Education needs to create common study programs but it should be in a specific subjects, you can’t force Arabic school to teach the Israeli narrative or Jewish culture when Israeli schools are not obligated to do the same according to the Arab narrative.
In Israel, there are no separate living areas by law but they have been formed by reality, as there is often fear and hostility between both sides. None the less, there are a few places where you can find Arabs and Israeli living in harmony together.
In Israel, Arabs can marry and have relations with anyone they choose and they have an equal opportunity in job market. The laws are straightforward, but the reality is a bit more complicated. There definitely are these two nationalities that are not living in peace and harmony and the segregation has come about due to social behavior not the law. Continued education and tolerance must be taught so that Palestinians and Israeli can coexist. This is definitely not Apartheid, at least not as we know it from South Africa. If anything, it is a type of social apartheid and boycotting Israel won’t help here. Instead of boycotting Israel, let’s actually try to find the commonality between both sides. Israelis and Palestinians need to meet each other on neutral grounds to understand that although we live different lives, in the same country, we are not that different.
If you want to help Palestinians co-exist with Israelis, boycotting Israel is not the answer. Helping us to get to know and appreciate each other, is the answer.